Thursday, June 30, 2011

Caucus Brief: Admiral Mullen To Visit China Next Month

ADMIRAL MULLEN TO VISIT CHINA NEXT MONTH.  Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Mike Mullen, will visit China from July 9-13.  According to Chinese state-run media Xinhua, "China will promote the advancement of relations between the two military forces under the framework of China-U.S. ties."  The announcement of Mullen's visit comes after the U.S. and the Philippines launched 11 days of joint naval exercises June 28 amid a simmering maritime row over territorial claims in the South China Sea.

CHINESE COUNTERFEIT MICROCHIPS IN U.S. MILITARY.  According to Wired Magazine, in 2010 the U.S. military bought over 59,000 microchips for everything from missile defense to communications that turned out to be counterfeits from China. 
From the piece: "Instead of crappy Chinese fakes being put into Navy weapons systems, the chips could have been hacked, able to shut off a missile in the event of war…The U.S. has been worried about its foreign-sourced chips in its supply chain for awhile now.  In a 2005 report, the Defense Science Board warned that the shift towards greater foreign circuit production posed the risk that "trojan horse" circuits could be unknowingly installed in critical military systems."

CHINA EXPORTING ADVANCED SUBMARINES TO PAKISTAN.  A piece from an Indian national security and defense magazine says that China has agreed to sell advanced diesel submarines to Pakistan.  From the piece: "It is now believed that the contract inked between the China State Shipbuilding Industrial Corp (CSIC) and Pakistan early last April calls for the CSIC to supply six Qing-class conventional attack submarines."

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL ACCUSESES CHINA OF SUPPRESSING HUMAN RIGHTS LAWYERS.  The UK-based human rights group Amnesty International has accused China of suppressing lawyers who become involved in politically sensitive human rights cases.  The group says that many lawyers have been threatened and in some cases detained.  Amnesty International's Asia Pacific Deputy Director stated: "Human rights lawyer are subject to escalating silencing tactics – from suspension or revoking of licenses to harassment, enforced disappearance or even torture."

CHINA COULD MAKE 5TH GENERATION ENGINES BY 2021.  A new piece from DefenseTech discusses recent reports that China may be able to produced 5th generation jet engines by 2021.  The piece argues that while China suffers from a decentralized engine manufacturing sector, the timeline for China's capability to produce high-quality fighter engines capable of powering a modern fleet is most likely five to ten years.  One qualification from the piece: "Even if Chinese fighter engine tech gets to the point where the U.S. engine sector was in the early 1990's, its engines will support its rise as a REGIONAL military power, not a superpower."

CHINESE FIRMS FACE ACCOUNTING RESEARCH ARMIES.  A new piece from the WSJ explains that "armies" of researchers are pouring over financial and corporate records of Chinese businesses trying to determine the risks of international investment. From the piece: "Given the paucity of public data in China, it is often hard for short sellers to prove fraud or to quantify its presence.  It is often equally difficult for the companies to disprove the short sellers' allegations quickly to stem the fall of their share prices."

CHINA SAYS TALKS WITH INDIA WERE SUCCESSFUL.    China's Defense Ministry said this week that a recent visit by an Indian military delegation had been successful and would benefit Indian-Chinese relations after a freeze in ties over a visa row last year.  India and China, emerging rivals for resources and global influence, fought over a border in the 1960s and have been wary neighbors ever since.  China's Defense Ministry spokesman Yang Yujun: "Last year, Sino-Indian military exchanges experienced some difficulties, but…both sides worked hard to find a good way of resolving this."

CHINA REPACKAGES MAO'S "RED CULTURE."  A piece from the NYT describes how China has used a campaign of government driven Maoist "red culture" to stir nationalism in the lead up to the Chinese Communist Party's 90th birthday.  From the piece: "The kindergarten musical climaxed in a whirlwind of violence: A teacher playing a Japanese soldier sliced down a peasant girl with a curved sword, just as two tykes in Red Army outfits took aim at him with plastic pistols…The Maoist musical was the brainchild of the Red Song Association…The group on the front lines of a government-driven 'red culture' revival."

The Caucus Brief is a daily publication for Members of Congress and Hill Staffers on China news and information compiled by the office of Congressman Randy Forbes, Founder of the Congressional China Caucus.  Email with tips, comments, or to subscribe/unsubscribe.

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